Tip 1: Build Trust and Rapport
Team performance depends on a foundation of trust. Without it, team members are reluctant to share information or offer support, and may hesitate to rely on each other to keep commitments and follow through on tasks. Lack of trust can certainly hinder forward momentum and the eventual success of a project.
To build a sense of trust, teams need opportunities to develop social rapport, especially in the early stages of the team’s work. Creating time for team members to identify common values and establish credibility and trust is critical. We have observed that the use of social media such as LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook can accelerate trust-building among new team members.
Tip 2: Create a Strong Team Identity
Teams need a sense of “teamness” based on a strong belief in a shared purpose, common inspiration, and commitment to the team’s goals. The team’s cohesiveness will be greatly enhanced if members focus on the outcome and the objective. It’s best when they are clear about the purpose and goals, and have frequent reminders of why they are part of the team and what they are working toward. Managers can also help build team identity by recognizing team and individual achievements, providing opportunities for team sharing, and celebrating successes.
Tip 3: Develop Communication Technology Know-How and Support
Used correctly, communication tools can be powerful and effective–offering interactive, engaging ways to share information and manage projects. There are meeting and webcast platforms (such as GoToMeeting, WebEx, Google Hangouts and Events) that allow team members in multiple locations to conduct face-to-face meetings online. Online project management sites (such as SharePoint, Google Docs, or Basecamp) enable team members to share and store documents, plans, reports, etc. There are also technologies that mimic a more three-dimensional environment and allow people to interact in a more realistic setting (ON24, Stream57). Many of these technologies also enable multiple people to work together on presentations and documents simultaneously, keeping everyone engaged and in sync. Used incorrectly, technology can cause problems. Ideas and documents can get lost in multiple formats, causing version control mishaps that throw a project off course. It’s important for the team to agree in advance on the basic modality to use with different aspects of the project–like when to use instant messaging, how to share documents, and who is ultimately responsible for version control.
Tip 4: Establish Shared Responsibility and Clear Accountability
Today, there is a greater importance and more emphasis placed on strategic projects, which focus on the company’s direction and advancement. Teams share the responsibility for achieving goals and must set clear expectations for accountability surrounding their individual tasks. Your team may shift and change during the project, so it’s a good idea to track individual and team responsibilities, as well as accomplishments, along the project timeline.
Tip 5: Ensure Strong Team Leadership
An experienced team leader can be a critical resource in helping a team stay on track and serving as a liaison with the team’s sponsors. There are many demands and issues that require speedy decision making, especially on teams with multiple functions and objectives. A strong leader will embrace that role and keep the team and its objectives aligned. With many temporary teams cropping up all the time, having a leader to ensure project focus, role clarity, and accountability is critical.
Tip 6: Establish Processes for Making Group Decisions
Every team needs to make decisions and reach agreement as a group. Team members need to understand the different ways to make decisions and how best to reach agreement on issues such as finding the right solution to a problem, breaking down a task, and assigning work. An established decision-making process will help the team avoid getting stuck when a decision needs to be made, and ensure that the decisions made are high quality and represent the best thinking of the entire team. Not every decision is made in the same way; it is important to communicate which decisions are collaborative versus which decisions are leader driven.